There are three main types of bladder cancer:
• Transitional cell carcinoma: Cancer that begins in cells that line the inside of the bladder. Most bladder cancers arise in the transitional cells.
• Squamous cell carcinoma: Cancer that begins in squamous cells. These are thin, flat cells that normally are not in the bladder but can form due to certain infections or long-term irritation of the bladder from stones or indwelling urinary catheters.
• Adenocarcinoma: Cancer that begins in glandular (secretory) cells. Glandular cells in the lining of the bladder produce and release fluids such as mucus.
What are the Symptoms?
One of the most common symptoms of bladder cancer is blood in the urine; this symptom appears in almost all instances of bladder cancer. The blood is not necessarily visible with the naked eye and may require the use of a microscope for confirmation. Blood in the urine is a serious symptom, and it should never be ignored. It is important to note, however, that blood in the urine does not necessarily indicate that you have bladder cancer.
There are a few other symptoms that you should also be looking out for; for example, frequent urination and pain upon urination. These symptoms are significantly less common than blood in the urine.
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned on this page, please give us a call as soon as possible. If you do have bladder cancer, the earlier we catch it, the more effective of a treatment we will be able to provide.