Most prostate diseases are actually noncancerous. Suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia is one of the most common male urologic problems. As many as 50% of men will experienced some form of enlarged prostate by age 60 and around 90% of men will report symptoms by age 90.
Why it Occurs
It is not currently understood exactly why prostate enlargement occurs. It is theorized, however, that it is due to an excess of certain hormones in the body. One possible explanation is the presence of a hormone known as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the blood. DHT is a natural hormone that is related to the initial stages of prostate growth. As men age, DHT may cause the prostate to continue growing, even though it has already reached full size. It has been discovered that men who do not produce DHT will not experience an enlarged prostate.
The Role of Estrogen
It has also been suggested that estrogen may also play a role in an enlarged prostate. Men produce both testosterone and a small amount of estrogen. As they age, the level of testosterone in the blood significantly decreases, leaving a much larger ratio of estrogen to testosterone. Studies have found that men with enlarged prostates often have higher levels of estrogen. Many doctors also believe that genetics can play a role in this condition as well. Men with a family history of enlarged prostates are at a greater risk of experiencing an enlarged prostate themselves.
A common symptom from an enlarged prostate is the need to frequently empty the bladder. You might also feel that your bladder is not quite empty, even when you are done urinating. Here at Texas Center for Urology, we can accurately diagnose and treat any problems related to an enlarged prostate.